Breast Cancer | Breast Cancer Information & Overview

Breast Cancer | Breast Cancer Information & Overview

Breast cancer is a terrifying name for women. Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death from cancer in women worldwide. Although it is more prevalent in the western world, it is now on the rise in Southeast Asian countries.

October 11 is celebrated all over the world as Breast Cancer Awareness Day, and October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month. About 14,836 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and about 7,142 of them die. Breast Cancer definition:

What is Breast Cancer? ribbon

Breast cancer is seen when some breast cells grow abnormally. These irregular and extra cells then divide into tumors or nodules and spread to different parts of the body through blood vessels, lymph, and others.

This tendency to spread is the cause of panic about cancer. Why? This is because, in this case, even with the help of various modern medical systems, it is not possible to cure the patient or guarantee a long life completely.

The hope is that if we can detect breast cancer at an ‘early stage,’ it can be cured almost 100% with proper treatment. You can download breast cancer pdf from here.

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Breast Cancer Pictures

Photo: iStockphoto.com,  doctorlib.info, vaidom.com

Breast Cancer Logo

Breast Cancer | Breast Cancer Information & Overview

 

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Types of Breast Cancer

Different grading systems classify breast cancer. (Such as TNM, Histology, Immunohistochemistry, etc.) Each of these affects reproduction and can affect the medical response.

The description of breast cancer best includes all of these factors. Breast cancer is usually primarily classified by histological.

CategoriesTypes
InvasiveLobular
Ductal dcis 
Non-InvasiveLobular
Ductal  dcis
OthersPaget disease of nipple/areola
Phyllodes tumor
Angiosarcoma
Inflammatory
Rare types
Triple-negative
Metastatic
Men

How is breast cancer staging determined?

Staging is done considering many factors, primary location, benign or malignant, breast cancer lymph nodes, part of our body’s immune system), size, grade, metastasis, etc.

Whether or not it will be better to be treated after being diagnosed with cancer depends on the effectiveness of the treatment, size, grade, age, growth rate, and the person.

This is the case in the developed world, given the current relative survival rate of 5 years – (meaning how many of these 100 live 5 years (on average), it can be taken as 10 years or 15 years, then cancer has a chance to come back, and the rate then Decreases) metastasis to bone

Breast cancer stages:  4 stage

Stage 0

No cancer, or any signs of cancer spreading. The five-year survival rate of 100%

Stage 1

It has two divisions (A and B). 1A: Tumors smaller than 2 cm, not spreading. 1B: There may or may not be microscopic tumors, but tiny multiple cancer cells have been found.

Lymph glands may or may not be present. The five-year survival rate of 100%

Stage 2

A and B are the divisions. In numerous spots, the tumor can be up to 5 cm long, has multiple small cancer cells (less than 2 mm), and spread to lymph glands like 3. The five-year survival rate of 93%

Stage 3

There are divisions A, B, and C. The beginning of the horror. There may or may not be any symptoms. The breasts may become red or swollen, the breasts may feel hot, there may be a pain under the armpits, and scars may appear on the skin.

Cancer has grown, has spread to more than ten glands, can be a 5 cm large tumor or cancer of any size, can spread to the chest muscles and walls. The five-year survival rate of 72%

Stage 4

Cancer has spread to different parts of the body through the lymph glands and blood – metastasis has spread to the skin, bones, brain, lungs, liver, kidneys, or blood. Breast Cancer five-year survival rate 22% (with perfect treatment and excellent results)

The hope is that a lot of research is being done to catch breast cancer as fast as possible, and it is being detected very fast now; at the same time, the medical system is improving day by day.

That is why the mortality rate is gradually decreasing even though the infection rate is increasing.

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Why is breast cancer on the increase?

There are two leading causes of breast cancer. Firstly, irreversible factors and, secondly, changeable factors. It is said that these risks are due to genetics, lineage, and hormones, which we cannot change.

And the variable chances are entirely in our own hands, which we can avoid if we want to and be a little more careful.

It is still caused before. The incidence of breast cancer began to increase after forty-five, fifty. Earlier, the average life expectancy of women was fifty-five-sixty.

But due to the increase in life expectancy, there are now a lot of patients in the sixties and seventies.

Moreover, before, women were not so much aware of their health. Although awareness can be noticed among some women in the city, still women in the village do not come to discuss or talk to anyone about any issue of breasts. This was evident before.

People are now much more health-conscious than ever before, and there are many different types of awareness camps. Along with this, the spread of education has also influenced patients to come to doctors.

And for all these reasons, the extent to which breast cancer, like other diseases, is spreading in the society is coming up in the media.

As a result, people think that the matter may have reached a terrible stage. The real facts are the case histories are being known.

As a result, the words of the patients are coming in the light of propaganda. Ultrasonography has now reached the village, maybe not mammography.

As a result, many are doing it, they know. But these have not happened before, and many may have lost the chance to survive because they did not have any publicity. People did not even know the cause of death.

Causes of breast cancer free

There are many known reasons why cancer occurs, as well as many unknown reasons. A few days ago, some researchers said that cancer is just bad luck in some cases, it can happen to anyone.

Mutations in a single cell can be responsible for any cancer. Simply put, cancer is when specific cells in the body begin to behave abnormally by evading or defeating our immune system and spreading/growing abnormally.

When these abnormal cells start spreading from the place of origin (tissue or organ) to different parts of the body, it is called metastasis (this is responsible for death).

And where it originated is another significant factor (such as common skin cancer may not die, but if it spreads to other places / vital organs, the chances of death are much higher.)

The risk factors behind breast cancer are two, some factors we can eliminate. Some elements no one else or we have to do.

Girls have a higher risk of breast cancer. This will be followed by obesity (especially belly fat), unhealthy/irregular lifestyle, smoking, drinking alcohol, not doing regular physical activity, radiation, getting extra X-rays at a young age, CT scan, radiation. breast cancer tattoos

Changeable causes of Breast Cancer

1) Not getting married until ancient age and women who have their first child after the age of 30 or have no children significantly increase the risk of breast cancer.

2) Breast cancer is seen due to the habit of not breastfeeding the child regularly.

3) People who eat extra fatty foods and do not include vegetables in the diet at all have a much higher risk of developing breast cancer. Prolonged consumption of canned foods, preserved foods, artificial sweeteners, and colored foods are also responsible for breast cancer in women and men.

4) Being overweight and not doing physical work at all increases the risk of breast cancer.

5) Prolonged exposure to air fresheners, pesticides, other chemical cosmetics, deodorants, and radioactive substances increases the risk of breast cancer.

6) Using the wrong size bra. Use the right size bra according to the size of the breast. Because otherwise, it can increase your risk of breast cancer a lot. Bras larger than the size of the breast may not support the breast tissue properly, and other small or tight bras may cut off the fluid-carrying lymph nodes of the breast.

7) The difficulty of sweating due to wearing a bra or bra all the time, the accumulation of moisture, all together increases the risk of breast cancer. Try not to use a bra when you are at home and when you go to bed at night.

8) Buy deodorant without looking at the label. Nowadays, whether it is a working woman or a student, almost everyone uses deodorant to stay out all day and avoid the stench of sweat. But when buying this deodorant, keep in mind the ingredients.

Having aluminum-based material increases the risk of breast cancer. Since you use deodorant every day, find out from a skin specialist before deciding which company’s product to use.

Immutable causes of breast cancer

9) Some people get breast cancer due to genetic reasons. Mutations in genes called BRCA1 and BRCA2 are responsible for 5% to 10% of breast cancers.

10) Many people can get breast cancer due to hereditary reasons. For example, if a mother, aunt, sister, or daughter is diagnosed with breast cancer, the risk of breast cancer is significantly increased.

11) The risk of contracting the disease also depends on the age at which women start and stop menstruating. People who start menstruating before the age of 12 and stop menstruating after the age of 50 have a higher risk of contracting the disease.

12) Estrogen hormone is seen to be affected by this disease. Those who have been exposed to the excess estrogen hormone for long periods are more likely to develop breast cancer in women who have taken hormone replacement therapy after menopause.

13) Gender increases the risk of cancer. A woman has a much higher risk of breast cancer than a man.

14) The risk of breast cancer increases with age, especially after the age of 50, the risk is much higher, which is not changeable at all.

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Breast Cancer symptoms: Signs of breast cancer early signs

The incidence of this disease is increasing among women. Many people are losing their lives to this disease every year. However, it is possible to recover from breast cancer if caught early. Below are ten early symptoms of breast cancer:

  1. Feeling a lump or lump in the breast or armpit. Many women have these symptoms during the menstrual cycle, and they go away after the menstrual cycle, there is nothing to be afraid of, but if these symptoms persist, it is necessary to check. This type of wheel or lump caused by breast cancer usually does not cause any pain, but there may be a feeling of stinging.
  2. Swelling under the hands, i.e., somewhere in the armpits without any specific reason.
  3. Feeling of redness or pain somewhere in the breast.
  4. Going to give any part of the breast unusually.
  5. Variations in breast size, color, skin smoothness, or temperature may be observed. A reddish tinge to the skin of the breast and an unevenness like the peel of an orange lemon are signs of advanced breast cancer. If such symptoms occur, it is necessary to consult a cancer specialist without delay.
  6. Some personal changes are observed in the nipple, such as nipple discharge, itching, burning, dandruff, or the presence of sores or sores.
  7. Abnormal discharge from the nipple. In this case, there may be a discharge from the nipple of a clean, bloody, or thin or sticky liquid of any color.
  8. Feeling any kind of cocoon under the skin.
  9. Any change in the breast that is abnormal.
  10. Shoulder and neck pain can also be a symptom of breast cancer because it spreads quickly from the breast to these parts of the body. If there is a pain in all these places, the general public can’t know whether it is due to muscle pain or cancer. So it is better to check.

Those with a higher risk of breast cancer:

What is the risk of breast cancer by age? At what age is most breast cancer diagnosed? In breast cancer who is at risk?  What Are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer?

  • Women have a higher risk of breast cancer than men.
  • Women over 50 years of age. breast cancer screening
  • If one has breast cancer, the other can also be affected.
  • If the mother, sister, or daughter has breast cancer.
  • Due to genes. breast cancer research foundation
  • From Radiation Exposure. breast cancer pain
  • If abnormally thick. is breast cancer painful
  • If menstruation at a young age.
  • Menopause at an older age.
  • If you take the first child at an older age.
  • Women who take hormone therapy.
  • If you drink alcohol. awareness vans

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How to diagnose breast cancer diagnosis

Breast cancer is a kind of silent killer. By the time it is felt, it is too late. There are usually three ways to catch breast cancer.

(1) In the developed world, mammograms are performed regularly every 1-2 years from the age of 45 or 49 years. This is called a screening program.

This is usually done up to the age of 69. Then cancer often grows very slowly, and the treatment is a bit different.

People who are at high risk are often asked to have regular mammography after the age of 40.

At least two radiologists independently check the mammograms of the stringing program, and some computer software is also used to ask the radiologist to check on suspicious areas automatically.

(2) If someone feels sick for any reason, he is caught going for some other screening (MRI, CT scan; X-ray; Ultrasound) or going to the doctor for a clinical exam.

(3) Self-exam time. Unfortunately, about 80 percent of tumors detected outside of screening are identified in this way. This time I am talking about the effectiveness of self-exam and clinical exam.

How to diagnose breast cancer at home

 

1. During bathing: During bathing, the fingers should be flattened on the wet skin like a picture and run slowly. The right hand should be used for the left breast and the left hand for the right breast.

It remains to be seen if anything feels like a wheel, cocoon, or hard lump.

2. In front of the mirror: First, the hands should be on both sides, then the hands should be raised straight on the head. Carefully observe whether the nipple or any other part is swollen or if there is redness or toll on any part.

Now you have to press your waist with your hands. Now both the right and left breasts should look good, whether any unusual changes are noticeable.

However, in this case, it needs to be said that very few women see the same breasts.

This test can be done to understand the reasonable condition of the breast, and if there is any abnormal change, it will be noticed.

3. Lying on the ground: You have to lie on the ground or the bed. The right breast should then be elevated with a pillow or folded cloth under the neck on the right side for examination, and the right hand should be placed behind the head.

Now the fingers of the left hand should be flattened and placed on the right breast.

 

You need to start rotating your hand in a clockwise direction. It is important to note that the lower part of the breast may feel a little stiff. This is normal.

In this way, after turning the hand in a circle, it is necessary to move towards the nipple. After moving one inch, the breasts should be examined again in the same way.

Finally, the nipple should be pressed between the thumb and index finger to see if anything is secreted.

If any kind of hard lump, lump or lump is felt in the breast while doing these tests or something is leaking from the nipple, you should seek medical help immediately.

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Breast cancer confusion breast cancer her2

1) Breastfeeding the baby, the breasts sag, the figure is lost

The complete misconception is that breastfeeding causes the baby to sag. People used to believe these 15-20 years ago. Breastfeeding has nothing to do with sagging breasts or loss of figure. The causes of sagging breasts are-

  • Age breast cancer facts
  • Breast size breast cancer genetic testing
  • What type of tissue is more in the breast (fibrous, granular, or fatty)
  • Physical constitution, motherhood, heredity or genetic factor (like mother-aunt)
  • Hormones, use of the right bra, etc. is breast cancer genetic

The personal desire to donate breast to a baby depends on reluctance and thousands of other factors. Relevantly, if possible, breastfeed the baby for the first six months of life.

Pediatricians around the world recommend feeding for at least one year (with enough other foods after six months).

The World Health Organization recommends feeding for up to two years. Why is breastfeeding here? Because not only does breast milk protect the baby from thousands of physical and mental problems throughout life, it also protects the mother.

How? Breastfeeding is a great weapon to reduce the risk factor of breast cancer. I left out thousands of other benefits to my mother’s body.

This is one of the reasons why the rate of breast cancer in adults is a little lower than in the developed world in countries where regular breastfeeding is practiced (such as in our country).

2) Wearing a bra causes breast cancer

One study claimed so, and many experts believe so. But there is no reliable evidence yet. However, it is better not to wear a tight bra for a long time during the day.

This is because using a tight bra extra time puts pressure on the spinal cord and blood-lymphatic circulatory system.

Which, in the long run, gives rise to a variety of problems (some even believe cancer!). It is, therefore, essential to select and wear the right size bra. However, some people say to stay free for some time or during sleep.

3) Something hard/lump in the breast means cancer

About 80-90% of lumps are benign tumors, not malignant (I will come back to these shortly). However, these must be kept under regular observation.

This is because benign tumors can also turn into malignant cancers or hide malignancies. breast cancer lumps

Another type of problem is that after women have children, the breasts become very hard due to the accumulation of breast milk. It’s called “mastitis” – it’s not a tumor, there’s nothing to fear.

4) Breast cancer looks like a lump in the chest

As hard lumps do not mean breast cancer, cancer can usually be in the form of lumps. Usually benign (not harmful) tumors take the form of hard lumps, malignant (cancer) can be any size, shape, soft, hard, anywhere. where are breast cancer lumps usually found

5) Deodorant use causes cancer

Another source (internet) is the hoax / false propaganda that deodorant use causes cancer. No such evidence has yet been found in the study. So there is nothing to stop the use of deodorant.

6) If the breasts are small, the risk of cancer is less

Breast cancer has nothing to do with breast size. It is often easier to catch cancer in small breasts. But that also depends on many other things in a person’s breasts. So the more significant the breast, the higher the risk of cancer.

7) If there is no one in the family, I will not get breast cancer

People with breast cancer in their families are indeed more likely to have it, and about 70% of cancer patients do not have a family history. Eliminate confusion.

8) Breast enlargement (silicone implantation) causes cancer

This is an entirely wrong idea about implantation. However, silicone implants make breast cancer much more difficult to detect, and they often have to have an ultrasound as well as a mammogram.

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What are the measures to catch breast cancer?

Breast Cancer Mammogram

The most effective and readily available method of detecting breast cancer is a mammogram. Mammogram means a specially taken breast X-ray. X-rays are made from two angles in two ways for each breast so that nothing is missed.

Breast Cancer on Ultrasound

Ultrasound can also be done if the breasts are very thick or hard. Ultrasound helps to identify common fluid-filled tumors/sacs/lumps or cysts and benign or malignant.

MRI icd 10 code for breast cancer

MRI is often done to detect breast cancer (especially in young people). Although MRI is a beneficial imaging system, in the case of breast cancer, mammograms are recommended to be performed alongside mammograms. There are also C, T scans. family history breast cancer icd 10

Something about mammogram

Mammogram means X-ray. X-ray means radiation. That is why radiation risk is also taken into consideration when performing regular mammograms.

Therefore, it is not done regularly before 45. And if you don’t have a CT scan, it’s best to avoid it as much as possible (especially at a young age).

Fortunately, the mammographic X-ray radiation has decreased day by day, the radiation of a mammogram now, even if you have been on a plane for an hour or two.

And for breast cancer alone, “breast tomosynthesis” of much lower radiation has been introduced as an alternative to CT scans.

Research is also underway on microwave imaging, heat imaging, elasticity imaging, impedance imaging, etc. One problem with mammograms is that before 40, mammograms are a bit less effective. Also, fatty tissue is less, and density is higher at this time.

For this, other methods besides mammograms have to be used before 40.

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How to do a breast cancer self-exam?

Breast Cancer | Breast Cancer Information & Overview

You will find various leaflets on this subject on the internet and from doctors – how to do a self-exam. Self-examination should be done at least once a month, once in bed, in front of the mirror again, once in a wet body while bathing.

Try to understand even the slightest change with attention, and try to understand if there is anything, especially near the chest wall and near the armpits. This test applies to girls of all ages.

Here are some things to keep in mind: 

1) Does the breast have the same size, shape, color, shape as last time?

2) Is there any swelling, redness, rash, hot feeling, distortion, different shape?

3) Are the two breasts relatively similar?

4) Is there any toll, skin wrinkle, or any change in the skin?

5) Does the position, size, shape of the nipple seem to change? Did the nipple go inside?

7) Does any fluid, water, or blood come out when you press or raise your hand while standing in front of the mirror?

8) When lying down, standing in front of the mirror or bathing in a wet body, by examining the whole breast in different directions up-down, round, right-left, etc., can something new be found, or can it be felt?

There are about 20-25 different types of breast cancer. The patient is treated based on the stage, age, condition of the patient, what type of treatment may be useful, metastasis, and which group of cancers or tumors.

If there is no hope of survival, many times, treatment is done to increase the survival time, or nothing is done at all.

There are usually three ways to treat breast cancer –

1) Systemic therapy; Chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy

2) Radiation therapy  gene test

3) Breast Cancer Surgery  quotes

Chemotherapy breast cancer jewelry

Chemotherapy involves the administration of drugs that kill cancer cells. It also kills healthy cells and makes chemotherapy very difficult for patients due to the horrible side effects.

Hormone therapy is used if the tumor is positive for the hormone estrogen/progesterone. Cancer cells often grow based on the supply of hormones, which are blocked by hormone therapy to prevent tumor growth.

Targeted therapy is simply an attempt to destroy cancer genes, tissues, or proteins.

Radiation therapy and surgery

Like many other cancers, breast cancer can come back more than once. That is why some of the above therapies are also combined. It is perfect if surgery is possible, but many times it is not possible due to the location and shape of the tumor.

The tumor is then reduced by radiation or systemic therapy, and surgery is performed. Many times chemo/radiation is given even after surgery so that cancer does not come back.

Reconstructive or plastic surgery is often performed if the patient wants and can afford it after surgery to remove some part of cancer/breast.

Prevention of breast cancer treatment

Is it possible to prevent breast cancer? This task is not yet possible. Those who have a high-risk factor can take preventive measures in consultation with a doctor.

An example is the removal of the breasts of the heroine Angelina Jolie. It does not give a complete defense.

However, the risk factor can be reduced somewhat. Some measures can be taken, including hormone therapy, surgery if the risk factor is too high.

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Something to do to prevent breast cancer prevention

Breast Cancer | Breast Cancer Information & Overview

1) Eliminate fat breast cancer bracelets

2) Exercise regularly, at least one or two hours a week, regular running, jumping and swimming

3) Do not drink alcohol or cigarettes

4) Living a healthy life, eating moderate food and sleeping, eating less red meat when you are a little older

5) Being sexually active, regular healthy sexual intercourse protects both men and women from many diseases.

6) Breastfeeding if possible after having a baby

7) Adequate intake of vitamin D. In our country, most of the indigenous girls suffer from severe vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D strengthens our immune system (many consider it a hormone, not a vitamin) and is essential for the body’s well-being and protection from thousands of diseases.

8) Stay away from radiation, do not do a CT scan at a young age (if possible), and minimize X-rays as much as possible.

9) Every year clinical exam, complete health examination, and Pap-smear test

10) At least once a month, take a very careful self-examination of the breasts and go to the doctor without a moment’s delay, even if it seems the slightest change,

11) Have mammogram at least once every two years after 45 (if possible)

The key to breast cancer is to be diagnosed as soon as possible, so it is essential to be careful and get tested regularly. The sooner you are caught, the better your chances of survival.

Therefore, there is no alternative to awareness. That awareness is essential for all men and women, society, and government. recurrence prognosis  vaccine risk calculator

Photo: Pinterest, Pexels, Pixabay

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Saad Ajmee

What's up guys! Great to finally meet you and I hope you enjoyed this post. My name is Saad Ajmee and I'm a graduating medical student. I'm also a technology lover. This is why I write about health and technology.

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